Okay, maybe a little obvious but...well, if any game was suitable for various shoehorned Sun Tzu quotes...
He who knows when he can fight and when he cannot, will be victorious.
Italy played this par excellence. They way they played was clearly planned before they knew what the Spanish formation would look like; the lack of a Spanish striker simply meant that it was a less risky strategy. Italy may well have been the underdogs here but they certainly let Spain think that this meant more than it did; margins are fine in all these games, even the ones where one team 'clearly' outscores the other (The Czech's were bad, Russia were goodish... there wasn't as much in it as the score seems to say). But Spain, it seems, stretched their supposed superiority to its logical limit and tried to drown the Italians in midfield mazes... it just didn't work.Pretend inferiority and encourage his arrogance.
Invincibility lies in the defence; the possibility of victory in the attack.
It was an incredibly arrogant way for Spain to play, especially against Italy. They could have lost. Maybe should have. They seemed ignorant of the fact that, despite the brilliance of their midfield play in tournaments, they have still relied on a goalscorer to actually score goals (on Villa, on Torres). And if they thought that Italy would just sit back and let them play then, well, they just didn't think things through. There was no Plan B (unless 'bring on Torres' was the Plan B). Already, they are blaming the pitch for their failure to defeat Italy when it should be clear that the pitch allowed snappy passing, even if the pressing Italians didn't. There was lots of snappy passing, from both sides.